One of the most important discoveries of the 20th century orientalists - it is a magnificent Bedřich Hrozný`s initiative. It is just 100 years ago, when he managed to decipher the mysterious cuneiform, in which he recognized the language of the ancient Hittite nation. Watershed moment of Czech science is now immortalized on commemorative 200 CZK coin of pure silver by the Czech National Bank.
The Hittite empire covered the Middle East region approximately between the1800-1200 centuries BC. It was a very advanced civilization with capable fighters – who used, for example, trailers and also the first iron weapons. The empire was abolished and forgotten. It appeared again three thousand years later, discovered by the Czech orientalist Bedřich Hrozný, who also laid the groundwork for the developmnet of Hittitology.
Bedřich Hrozný was born in a family of a devout Lutheran priest and the family itself was also preparing him for the spiritual vocation. However, during the high school studies he knew Professor Václav Justin Prášek, a prominent orientalist and historian who aroused big interest in new fields in young Bedřich. Gradually he penetrated into the mysteries of twelve dead languages and turned his attention to cuneinform writing. He demonstrated not only his knowledge, but later also his courage during archeological expeditions in Turkey and Palestine.
One sentence on one of the tablets led him to the greatest success "NU NINDA-AN EZZATENI WATAR-MA EKUTENI" thanks to his knowledge of ancient Mesopotamian languages he translated those word as "YOU WILL EAT BREAD, AND DRINK WATER THEN." Due to this progress he could translate into other short sentences and soon convinced the scientific world about his revolutionary act. "There is no language that would not be deciphered," he writes in his memoirs and leaves to humanity not only this discovery, but also an optimistic proclamation for new enthusiastic archeologists and orientalists.
The exceptional commemorative silver coin proudly bears the distinction of Bedřich Hrozný`s personality. Its author is a great artist Vladimír Pavlica, who fascinated a commission with his original graphic concept, a successful portrait and an atypical composition of the heraldic side. The obverse side of the coin depicts four sealing rollers discovered by Bedřich Hrozný himself in ancient Kanes, three Czech heraldic animals, Hrozný`s autograph, inscription ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA and nominal CZK 200. On the reverse side of the coin, with the cuneiform background we can see an exquisite portrait of Bedřich Hrozný completed with inscriptions "BEDŘICH HROZNÝ", "ROZLUŠTĚNÍ CHETITŠTINY", "1915" and "2015". The result is an excellent work of art that will embellish your numismatic collection!